Top ten reasons not to use lawn pesticides:
- Suburban lawns receive more pesticide per acre than agricultural land a
- Sixty three percent of commonly used lawn pesticides are carcinogenic b
- Studies link pesticides to increased rates of miscarriage c
- Pesticides pass from mother to child through the umbilical cord and breast milk d
- Pound for pound children absorb a higher concentration of pesticides than adults e
- Lawn pesticides increase risk of childhood leukemia by seven times f
- Dogs exposed to herbicide treated lawns double risk of canine lymphoma g
- Pesticides kill beneficial insects which are essential to a healthy lawn h
- Pesticide runoff results in widespread contamination of streams and groundwater i
- Twelve lawn chemicals are on the EPA’s list of drinking water contaminants j
- National Research Council. 1980. Urban Pest Management. National Academy of Sciences; Abrams, R., Attorney General of New York. 1991. “Toxic Fairways: Risking Groundwater Contamination from Pesticides on Long Island Golf Courses,” Environmental Protection Bureau; Pimentel, D, et al. 1991. “Environmental and Economic Impacts of Reducing U.S. Agricultural Pesticide Use,” Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture, 2nd ed. CRC Press, Florida, p.679.
- Beyond Pesticides Factsheet. 2005 April.
- Greenlee, A. et al. 2004. “Low-Dose Agrochemicals and Lawn-Care Pesticides Induce Developmental Toxicity in Murine Preimplantation Embryos,” Environ Health Perspect 112(6): 703-709; Cavieres, M., et al. 2002.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2003 Jan. National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals; Pohl, HR., et al. 2000. “Breast-feeding exposure of infants to selected pesticides,” Toxicol Ind Health 16: 65-77; Sturtz, N., et al. 2000. “Detection of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid residues in neonates breast-fed by 2,4-D exposed dams,” Neurotoxicology 21(1-2): 147-54; Houlihan, J., et al. 2005. Body Burden, The Pollution in Newborns. Environmental Working Group, Washington, D.C.
- EPA. 1996. Environmental Health Threats to Children. Office of the Administrator. 175-F-96-001.
- Lowengart, R. et al., 1987. “Childhood Leukemia and Parent’s Occupational and Home Exposures, ” Journal of the National Cancer Institute 79:39.
- Glickman, Lawrence, et al. 2004. “Herbicide exposure and the risk of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder in Scottish Terriers,” Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 224(8):1290-1297; Hayes, H. et al., 1991. “Case-control study of canine malignant lymphoma: positive association with dog owner’s use of 2,4-D acid herbicides,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 83(17):1226
- Restmeyer, S.J. 2003. Ecological Pest Management: Embracing the Organic Approach to Landscape Management. Pesticides and You 23(1): 11-12. Beyond Pesticides, Washington, D.C.
- U.S. Geological Survey. 1998. Pesticides in Surface and Ground Water of the United States: Summary of Results of the National Water Quality Assessment Program; Gilliom R.J. et al. 1999 April. “Testing water quality for pesticide pollution,” Environ Science and Technology News.
- EPA. “Unregulated Drinking Water Contaminants,” Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water. (accessed 8/8/05).